The City Botanic Gardens is Brisbane’s oldest garden, and is filled with a wide range of unique and unusual botanic species. Located in Brisbane city, next to the Brisbane River, the heritage-listed garden was established in 1828 for convicts to plant crops to feed the prison colony. In 1828, botanist Charles Fraser selected the site to become a public garden, and by 1855 the garden was officially opened. The garden’s vast plant collections include the first Queensland native plants to be formally planted, as well as exotic plants that were imported in colonial days to establish crops for the new Brisbane colony. Artists have also created number of heritage features within the gardens.